Acadêmicos estrangeiros assinam manifesto em defesa da democracia no Brasil

Jornal GGN – Lançado por duas acadêmicas brasileiras, o Manifesto em defesa do Estado democrático de Direito no Brasil conta com mais de 100 assinaturas de estudiosos de diversos países, incluindo acadêmicos como os alemães Jürgen Habermas, Axel Honneth e Rainer Forst, a norte-americana Nancy Fraser, o canadense Charles Taylor e o italiano Alessandro Ferrara. 

Yara Frateschi e Miriam Madureira apresentaram o manifesto pela primeira vez em maio, durante a Conferência Internacional de Filosofia e Ciências Sociais, em Praga, na República Checa, recebendo apoio da maioria dos participantes e organizadores. Depois, o manifesto foi envaido a outros acadêmicos com relação com a Conferência de Praga e com a Teoria Crítica e Política contemporâneas. 

O documento explica o processo de impeachment sofrido pela presidente afastada Dilma Rousseff e afirma que os partidos de direita se aproveitaram de um momento de crise econômica para fazer uma violenta campanha midiática para retirá-la do poder. Também diz que tais partidos pretendem atacar direitos sociais garantidos pelos governos do PT, adotando políticas de desregulamentação da economia e brecar as investigações sobre corrupção. 

Leia o manifesto abaixo, em inglês:

MANIFESTO

IN DEFENSE OF THE DEMOCRATIC RULE OF LAW IN BRAZIL

On the 31st of March 1964, a coup d’état installed a civil-military dictatorship in Brazil, inaugurating a dark 21-year period of suspension of civil and political guarantees. Today, 52 years after, the Brazilian people face once more a break of the democratic order. As a result of the acceptance by the Senate of an impeachment process based on accounting irregularities, Dilma Rousseff, who had been elected in 2014 for a mandate of 4 years, was forced, on the 12th of May 2016, to stand down as President of the Republic. Even though this removal is supposed to be temporary, lasting up to 180 days, period during which the senators should reconvene to evaluate the motives that have resulted in the impeachment process, it is unlikely that Dilma should return to office. 

Dilma Rousseff’s temporary removal from office is the culmination of a process characterised by unprecedented arbitrariness and polarisation in democratic Brazilian society, perceptible at least since her re-election in 2014. By attributing the recent corruption scandals exclusively to the Worker’s Party’s (PT) administrations (although they were the only ones who had the courage to investigate them through, even when investigations turned against their own) and by manipulating  public opinion against the supposed risks of a left-wing takeover of the country, the right-wing opposition to Dilma Rousseff’s government took advantage of the economic crisis that emerged after years of stability and growth and led a violent media campaign against it. It managed to aggregate against the Workers’ Party (PT) and Lula’s and Dilma’s governments large sections of business elites and conservative middles classes, as well as authoritarian sectors represented in Congress and in the Judiciary, evidently aiming the hammering down of the social rights secured by Dilma’s government and the deregulation of economy. Besides, once in power, they will probably decline to further investigate corruption as it is likely to involve their own people, as opposed to Dilma Rousseff, whose probity in the administration of public affairs is not doubted, as corruption charges are not part of the impeachment process.

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The impeachment is a juridical tool of extremely restricted scope in Brazilian presidentialism. It is regulated by Art.85 of the Brazilian Constitution of 1988, and its use is restricted to cases involving serious offenses (crimes de responsabilidade, “responsibility crimes”) carried out by the President. As the accounting irregularities in the administration of public funds that Dilma Rousseff is accused of are not serious offenses in the sense prescribed by the Constitution, it is evident that this impeachment is not legitimately grounded. Furthermore, the whole process was full of questionable aspects, which contribute to add further illegitimacy to its results. Therefore, it is not an exaggeration to consider the present impeachment process against Dilma Rousseff a white coup, which will yield long-lasting consequences to the democratic Rule of Law in Brazil.

In the face of all this, we consider necessary to state our absolute repudiation of the illegitimate destitution of President Dilma Rousseff, and our strong support for the maintenance of the Rule of Law in Brazil.

 

  1. Albena Azmanova – University of Kent, Belgium

  2. Alessandro Ferrara – University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy

  3. Alessandro Pinzani – UFSC, Brazil

  4. Alina Valjent – Witten/Herdecke University – Germany

  5. Allan Breedlove –Loyola University Chicago, USA

  6. Alois Blumentritt – University Wien, Austria

  7. Amy Allen – Pennsylvania State University  – USA

  8. Anahi Wiedenburg – London School of Economics, Argentina/UK

  9. André de Macedo Duarte – UFPR, Brazil

  10. André Medina Carone – UNIFESP, Brazil

  11. Andreas Niederberger – Universität Duisburg-Essen, Germany

  12. Anna Dißmann – Witten/Herdecke University – Germany

  13. Arthur Oliveira Bueno –University of Erfurt, Germany

  14. Asger Sorensen – Aarhus University, Denmark

  15. Axel Honneth – University of Frankfurt/Columbia University, Germany/USA

  16. Aysen Candas – Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey

  17. Barbara Fultner  – Denison University, USA

  18. Bernat Riutort Serra – University of Illes Ballears –Spain

  19. Brian Milstein – Goethe University Frankfurt, USA/Germany

  20. Carlos Costa Dantas – Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil

  21. Carlos Henrique Santana – TU Darmstadt, Germany

  22. Charles Taylor – Mc Gill University, Canada

  23. Christopher Zurn – University of Massachussetts/Boston, USA

  24. Cora McKeena – Trinity College, Ireland

  25. Cristina Sánchez – Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain

  26. Dan Swain – Czech University of Life Sciences, Czech Republic

  27. Daniele Santoro – CNR, National Research Council of Italy, Italy

  28. David Alvarez – University of Minho/Braga, Portugal

  29. David Rasmussen – Boston College, USA

  30. Debora Spini – Syracuse University in Florence, Italy

  31. Dónal O’Farrell – Trinity College Dublin, Ireland

  32. Elisabeth v. Thadden – University of Jena, Germany

  33. Felicia Herrschaft – Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany

  34. Filip Vostal – Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic  

  35. Firica Stefan – University of Bucharest, Romania

  36. Francisco Naishtat – Universidad de Buenos Aires –Argentina

  37. François Calori – Université de Rennes 1, France

  38. Gesche Keding – Jena University, Germany

  39. Gisleine Aver – UFSC, Brazil

  40. Giulia Lasagni – Università de Parma, Italy

  41. Giuseppe Ballacci – University of Minho, Portugal

  42. Gorana Ognjenovich – University of Oslo, Norway

  43. Gustavo Leyva Martínez – Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, México

  44. Hans-Herbert Kögler – University of North Florida, USA

  45. Hartmut Rosa – Jena University, Germany

  46. Heikki Ikäheimo – University of New South Wales, Australia

  47. Igor Shoikhedbrod – University of Toronto, Canada

  48. Isadora Henrichs – Trinity College Dublin, Ireland

  49. Italo Testa – Parma University, Italy

  50. Jazna Jozelic – University of Oslo, Norway

  51. João Honoreto – University  of Witten/Herdecke, Germany

  52. Joaquín Valdivielso-Navarro – Universitat Illes Balears, Spain

  53. Johan Söderberg – Göteborg University, Sweden

  54. Johanna Oksala – University of Helsinki, Finland

  55. Johannes Schulz – Frankfurt University, Germany

  56. John Lumsden – University of Essex, UK

  57. Jonathan Bowman – University of Arkansas, USA

  58. José Adauto de Souza Neto – Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil

  59. Julian Culp – University of Frankfurt, Germany

  60. Jürgen Habermas – J.W. Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Germany

  61. Karoline Rhein – Witten/Herdecke University – Germany

  62. Kendralyn Webber  –University of California Riverside, USA

  63. Lenny Moss – University of Exeter, UK

  64. Leonardo da Hora Pereira – Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, France

  65. Lorenz Mrones – University of Witten/Herdecke, Germany

  66. Luiz Gustavo de Cunha de Souza – Institut für Sozialforschung/Frankfurt –Germany

  67. Marco Solinas – Florence University, Italy

  68. Marek Hrubec – Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic

  69. Maria Ines Bergoglio – Universidad nacional de Córdoba, Argentina

  70. María José Guerra – Universidad de Laguna –Spain

  71. María Pía Lara – Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico

  72. Marjan Ivkovic – University of Belgrade, Serbia

  73. Mark Haugaard – University Galway – Ireland

  74. Marlon Urizar Natareno, Universidad Rafael Landívar, Guatemala

  75. Martin Javornicky – University of Galway, Ireland

  76. Martin Sauter – n/a –Ireland

  77. Martin Seel – J.W.Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Germany

  78. Masao Higarashi – Ritsumeikan University –Japan

  79. Matteo Bianchin – University of Milano, Italy

  80. Matthias Kettner – University of Witten/Herdecke, Germany

  81. Matthias Lutz-Bachmann – J.W. Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Germany

  82. Melis Menent – University of Sussex, UK

  83. Miriam Mesquita Sampaio de Madureira – Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, México

  84. Mykhailo Minakov – Kiev-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine

  85. Nancy Fraser –New School for Social Research, USA

  86. Nancy Love –Appalachian State University, USA

  87. Natalia Frozel Barros –University of Paris 1, France

  88. Nathan Cogné – Trinity College Dublin, Ireland

  89. Nicola Patruno – Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany

  90. Niklas Angebauer – University of Essex, UK

  91. Odin Lysaker – Agder University, Norway

  92. Ojvind Larsen – Copenhagen Business School, Denmark

  93. Onni Hirvonen – University of Jyväskylä, Finland

  94. Pablo Gilabert – Concordia University, Canada

  95. Patrick O’Mahonny – University College Cork –Ireland

  96. Pedro Augusto Pinho – UES-RJ/UFRJ, Brazil

  97. Pedro Federici Araujo – PUC/RJ – Brasil

  98. Philipp Schink – J.W. Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Germany

  99. Philippe Sonnet – Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium

  100. Pierre Schwarzer – Universität Witten/Herdecke, Germany

  101. Radu Neculau – University of Windsor, Canada

  102. Rahel Jaeggi – Humboldt University Berlin, Germany

  103. Rainer Forst – University of Frankfurt, Germany

  104. Richard Stahel – University of Constantin the Philosopher in Nitra, Slovak Republic

  105. Robert Fine – Warwick University, UK

  106. Roberta Ramos Marques – Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil

  107. Robin Celikates – University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

  108. Rodrigo Cordero – Universidad Diego Portales –Chile

  109. Ronan Kaczyznski – Goethe University, Germany

  110. Rosie Worsdale – University of Essex, UK

  111. Ruy Fausto – USP/Université de Paris 8, Brazil/France

  112. Sandra Cruz – UNIFESP, Brazil

  113. Steven L. White – Wayne State University, USA

  114. Susan L. Foster – UCLA, USA

  115. Thomas Fossen – Leiden University, The Netherlands

  116. Valerio Fabbrizi – University of Rome, Tor Vergata, Italy

  117. Wolfgang Heuer – Freie Universität Berlin, Germany

  118. Yara Frateschi – UNICAMP, Brazil

  119. Zuzana Uhde – Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic

5 comentários

  1. Fora Temer

    “O grupo que está no poder é uma quadrilha de ladrões, de  bandidos orgânicos da vida republicana brasileira.”

    Ciro Gomes

  2. Vários manifestos coletivos e

    Vários manifestos coletivos e textos individuais de intelectuais, artistas e políticos do mundo contra o golpe, esse agora com o apoio de Habermas, um dos últimos grandes filósofos vivos. E a mídia golpista no Brasil não os noticia. Isso sem falar em artigos, reportagens e até editoriais dos principais jornais mundiais.

    Como disse Lula, para a mídia golpista do Brasil Dilma desapareceu, não existe mais. Aliás, quando falam dela, de Lula e do PT é só pra difamar.

    Vergonha internacional o jornalixo brasileiro.

  3. Um leque muito amplo de
    Um leque muito amplo de instituições de pesquisa ao redor do mundo em países com tradições políticas muito distintas. Isso prova o grau de rejeição do golpe no mundo. Tem até uma parente do Papa.

  4. Democracia

    Não avisaram aos acadêmicos que não fecharam jornais,não censuraram a Imprensa, não fecharam o Parlamento, e foi tudo feito de acordo com a Suprema Corte(STF)…

    Mal informados por mal intencionados.

    Aliás ,prenderam outro ladrão que foi super importante nestes governos populistas-demagógicos que finalmente cairam,por si.

    Aloísio Daher de Melo.

    • Descoberta astronômica: umbigo de tucano golpista é buraco negro

      Alô, ísio, quer dizer que tantos profissionais da ciência, que têm como ferramenta de trabalho uma metodologia chamada Método Científico- já ouviu falar?-  que consiste em checar as fontes, foram desinformados pelos petralhas? Ou se venderam por mortadela?

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